Ethiopia, official known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is the second most popular nation in Africa with more than 74 million people. It is one of the oldest country in the world (over 2000 years) and the oldest independent country in Africa. It lies in the north-east corner (Horn) of Africa, bordered on the west by Sudan, the north by Eritrea, the east by Djibouti and Somalia, and the South by Kenya. The total area of the country is 1,127,127 square kilometers (437,794 square miles). There are more than 80 different ethnic groups in Ethiopia today, with the three largest being Oromo, Amhara & Tigre. Ethiopia is a nation known throughout the world for its rich history. The monuments of the Axumite Empire, the rock hewn churches of Lalibela, the castles of Gondar and the walled city of Harrar are only a few of the historical attractions of this ancient country. Ethiopia is also currently making the most important contributions to our knowledge of human origins and development.

Ethiopia’s capital city is Addis Ababa and it is a head quarter of African Union (AU), the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) and UNECA (United Nation Economic Commission for Africa). Ethiopia is one of a few African countries to have its alphabet & has its own time system & unique calendar, seventh to eight years behind the Gregorian calendar. Ethiopia has the largest number of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Africa.