Topography of Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s topography consists of a central high plateau bisected by the Ethiopian segment of the Great Rift Valley in to the northern and southern highland and surrounded by lowlands, more extensive on the east & southeast than on the south & west.

Ethiopia is truly a land of contrast & extreme, a land of remote & wild places. Some of the highest and most stunning places on African continent are found here, such as the jaggedly carved Semien Mountains (one of the UNESCO’s world Heritage sites), and some of the lowest, such as the hot but fascinating fire-cracked plains of the  Denakil Depression, with its sulphur fumaroles & lunar like landscape.

Ethiopia has some of Africa’s highest mountains (Ras Dashen-4620 meters and the highest in Ethiopia) as well as the world’s lowest points- Lake ASal (-155 meters) and  Dallol (-125 meters) below sea level. Dallol is one of the largest the hottest place year round anywhere on earth. Ethiopia also has Africa’s largest cave, Sof Omar cave.

The lowland of Ethiopia are equally compelling with string of beautiful Rift valley lakes & the enormity Omo Delta, home to some of the most remarkable indigenous groups in Africa including the master of body decorating, the Hamer & Karo, the Crocodile- hunting Dassench tribes and the lip-plated Mursi.

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